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AU Registered Medical Device
12-month warranty
Same day dispatch
Professionally endorsed

Lower Back Pain Relief: Available Options to Ease the Condition

A woman stretching at a gym

People who experience mild to severe pain in the lower back search for effective ways to ease the condition. Some natural pain treatment options include cold packs, exercises, warm baths, and herbal remedies. Moreover, individuals can utilise electrotherapy as lower back pain relief. It uses mild electrical impulses to stimulate the nerves or muscles. Furthermore, they can take Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) or over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications to reduce inflammation and discomfort.

Lower back pain occurs when the muscles, ligaments, or discs around the lumbar spine become strained or damaged. Various reasons, such as poor posture, heavy lifting, and aging, can cause pain symptoms. Regardless of the cause, finding ways to alleviate the aches is essential for improving quality of life. People with the medical condition can consult health professionals for advice. Also, the following sections will present different pain relief methods like natural options, electrotherapy, and drugs.

Natural Treatment Options for Lower Back Pain Relief

Natural treatment options for lower back pain relief have gained popularity due to their effectiveness and minimal side effects. One such option is physical therapy. It focuses on improving muscle strength and flexibility to alleviate pain. Moreover, cold or heat therapy is available. People can use ice packs, cold compresses, hot water bottles, or warm baths.

Another natural option to lessen acute or chronic pain in the back is herbal remedies. Several herbs, such as turmeric and white willow bark, have anti-inflammatory properties that reduce discomfort. These natural alternatives can be found in various forms. Some examples are teas, capsules, or oils. The variety of products makes incorporating them into a daily routine easy.

Furthermore, lifestyle modifications can play a significant role in managing lower back pain. Regular exercises and stretches can help prevent and reduce episodes of back pain. Also, maintaining a healthy weight and practising good posture can improve the muscles supporting the spine and lessen the strain on them. Additionally, stress management techniques, such as mindfulness meditation or deep breathing exercises, can promote relaxation and ease back muscle tension.

Exercises and Stretches for Relief

  • Cat-Camel Stretch: This stretch gently mobilises the spinal cord. People should begin on their hands and knees, rounding their back upwards (like a cat). Then, arch downwards (like a camel).
  • Bird Dog: This exercise strengthens the core and stabilises the lower back. To do it, begin on the hands and knees and extend the right arm forward and the left leg straight out behind them.
  • Child’s Pose: This stretch elongates the muscles. Individuals must sit on their knees with their toes touching and knees spread apart. Slowly lower the upper body to the floor, reach the arms forward, and rest the forehead on the ground.

A TENS machine with necessary information

Electrotherapy for Lower Back Pain Relief

Electrotherapy has gained significant popularity as a non-invasive treatment for lower back pain relief. It involves mild electrical stimulation or e-stim using electrical currents. They stimulate the muscles and nerves in the affected area. By targeting the underlying cause of pain, electrotherapy provides effective relief by increasing blood flow, reducing inflammation, and interrupting pain signals.

One of the most in-demand forms of electrotherapy is Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS). It utilises gentle electrical impulses to stimulate the natural pain relief mechanisms of the body. These include endorphin production and vasodilation. Also, TENS can inhibit pain signals from reaching the brain with the pain gate mechanism. TENS units are portable devices that can be easily used at home or on the go.

Another type of electrotherapy for alleviating lower back pain is Interferential Stimulation (IFS). IFS works with a higher frequency of electrical pulses to target deep tissues in the muscle pain site. Consequently, this allows for a greater penetration of the electric impulses. This technique relieves muscle spasms, inflammation, and aches.

A Closer Look at TENS Therapy

TENS therapy is a natural medical treatment option to lessen lower back pain. People can conduct the therapy using a handy battery-operated device. The machine sends low-level electrical currents to the affected area via external electrodes. One of its advantages is its convenience and ease of use. Patients can easily self-administer this treatment in the comfort of their homes.

Moreover, TENS is versatile. Aside from lower back pain, it can help with acute and chronic pain management. For instance, it can lessen migraines and neuropathic pain. However, people should consult health professionals to ensure that TENS therapy is safe and suitable for their specific condition.

A man touching his lower back with both hands

Prescription or OTC Medications for Lower Back Pain Relief

Prescription or over-the-counter pain relievers are other methods of lower back pain relief. NSAIDs are commonly recommended for managing mild to moderate pain. These medications reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. However, consulting a doctor beforehand is vital, especially if the patient has any other health conditions or is taking different medicines.

Muscle relaxants can also help. These medications can relax tense muscles and reduce spasms, thereby easing discomfort. Nevertheless, people should take muscle relaxants as directed and for a limited duration. Otherwise, these can cause drowsiness or dizziness. Additionally, muscle relaxants may interact with other medicines. Hence, they should inform their healthcare providers accordingly.

In more severe cases of lower back pain, opioid medications may be necessary. These bind to opioid receptors in the brain to provide pain relief. Doctors typically prescribe them for short-term use. Also, they require careful monitoring due to their potential for dependence and adverse effects, such as constipation and respiratory depression. It is crucial to follow the prescribed dosage and seek medical help when experiencing strange symptoms.

Potential Side Effects

Taking medications can come with potential side effects. Therefore, patients should be aware of these possible adverse reactions. Common side effects include dizziness, nausea, and drowsiness. Some individuals may also experience constipation or stomach upset.

In addition, there are other potential risks associated with these medicines. Long-term use of prescription pain relievers may result in liver damage or gastrointestinal bleeding. These drugs can also interact with other medications, leading to complicated health issues. People should communicate with a healthcare provider about any other medications, supplements, or chronic conditions to minimise the risk of harmful drug interactions.


Pain in the lower back is a medical condition that requires proper treatment and management. Some natural lower back pain relief options are regular exercises and stretches. Consistent physical activity can help strengthen the muscles, improve flexibility, and reduce stiffness. Moreover, people can do cold and heat therapy using ice or heat packs. They can also incorporate electrotherapy techniques, such as TENS, to stimulate the nerves and alleviate pain perceptions.

Furthermore, prescription or over-the-counter medications can temporarily relieve lower back pain. Some examples are muscle relaxants or NSAIDs for acute pain. However, they should monitor long-term use closely to avoid potential side effects. Ultimately, the treatment choice should be based on the specific needs and preferences of the patient. Also, they must recognise that a combination of approaches may be necessary to manage and alleviate pain in the lower back. Those interested in a TENS machine may consider the iTENS.

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