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12-month warranty
Same day dispatch
Professionally endorsed

Period Pain Medication: The Treatment Options Available


Woman with severe period pain

Many women deal with painful periods monthly. Mild to intense discomfort typically accompanies menstrual bleeding. Fortunately, various period pain medications are available. One of the most commonly used treatment methods is taking pharmaceutical or anti-inflammatory medicines. Moreover, individuals can rely on natural remedies like heat therapy, gentle exercise, and herbal supplements. Furthermore, they can utilise electrotherapy. It sends mild electric currents to the target area for less pain and better blood flow.

Lower back aches and abdominal cramps are common symptoms that women experience during their menstrual cycle. These can affect their daily activities and overall quality of life. Thus, finding relief is essential. Different options can alleviate aches, each with its benefits and side effects. Understanding their components is necessary to make an informed decision. The following sections will present drugs, natural remedies, and electrical stimulation as pain relievers for menstrual discomfort.

Pharmaceutical Drugs for Period Pain Medication

Pharmaceutical drugs for period pain medication can alleviate the discomfort and symptoms associated with menstrual cramps. These drugs, also known as Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), work by reducing the production of prostaglandins. These are hormone-like substances that cause uterine contractions and inflammation during menstruation. Common NSAIDs include ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen.

The medications help reduce mild to severe period pain, bloating, and cramps. Thus, women can do their daily activities more comfortably. However, taking the drugs has risks. For instance, there is an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This is especially true when used at high doses or for prolonged periods. Individuals must consult a health professional to determine the appropriate daily dosage and duration of use. Also, consider underlying health conditions or allergies before taking NSAIDs.

Additionally, acetaminophen and hormonal birth control can manage painful periods. The former is an over-the-counter medication that alleviates mild to moderate discomfort. Meanwhile, the latter helps regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the severity of period pain. Hormonal birth control methods, such as oral contraceptives or intrauterine devices, can also aid with heavy bleeding and other symptoms associated with menstruation.

Potential Side Effects

  • Some period pain tablets can cause nausea. This may lead to vomiting in several cases.
  • Another potential side effect of pharmaceutical drugs is headaches. This may occur due to changes in blood flow or the impact of medications on the central nervous system.
  • Other medicines may cause dizziness as a side effect. As a result, this can affect balance and coordination.
  • Counter-pain medications can also lead to an upset stomach, causing discomfort and gastrointestinal issues.
  • Allergic reactions to anti-inflammatory medications can range from mild rashes to severe anaphylaxis, requiring immediate medical attention.
  • Certain medicines can lead to mood changes, including irritability and mood swings.

A woman doing stretches at a gym

Natural Remedies for Period Pain Medication

While over-the-counter medication can relieve painful cramps, natural remedies can also be effective as period pain medication. One natural remedy is heat therapy. This can help relax the pelvic muscles and lessen cramping. Women can achieve this with a heat pack, heating pads, or hot water bottles placed on the lower abdomen. A warm bath can also help.

Moreover, exercise is beneficial in reducing the severity of period pain. Engaging in physical activity can help release endorphins, the natural painkillers of the body. In addition, regular exercise can improve blood circulation and ease menstrual cramps. Individuals must listen to their bodies and choose exercises that are comfortable and do not exacerbate the pain.

Furthermore, herbal supplements, such as ginger, turmeric, and chamomile, have been traditionally used to manage painful periods. They have anti-inflammatory properties. Hence, incorporating these herbs into diets or consuming them as tea can alleviate discomfort without the potential side effects of traditional medication. Nevertheless, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare provider beforehand.

Common Exercises to Alleviate Menstrual Cramps

Light cardiovascular activities such as walking, swimming, or cycling can help increase blood flow and reduce menstrual cramps. Additionally, yoga can provide relief by relaxing the muscles and reducing tension in the pelvic area. Meanwhile, stretching exercises like Pilates can also be beneficial in alleviating period pain by improving flexibility.

Also, core-strengthening exercises like planks and pelvic tilts can improve posture. Consequently, this alleviates pressure on the lower back and abdominal region. Furthermore, engaging in regular physical activity throughout the menstrual cycle can also help reduce the intensity of cramps and improve overall menstrual health.

A TENS machine kit with a pack of gel pads and necessary information

Electrotherapy as a Period Pain Medication

Electrotherapy offers temporary relief for inflammatory diseases and other conditions, including primary dysmenorrhoea. It utilises a small electronic device that sends gentle electrical impulses through the body to stimulate nerves and block pain signals. As a result, it provides women with a non-invasive and drug-free period pain medication.

One common form of electrotherapy is Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS). It is a popular choice for individuals suffering from mild or severe pain and cramping. TENS devices are portable and easy to use. Thus, it is a convenient option for managing discomfort during menstruation. They can use one at home by buying a personal unit online or in-store. Both wired and wireless models are available for purchase.

Many women have reported positive outcomes with electrotherapy. It lessens abdominal cramps, back pain, and other symptoms associated with menstrual bleeding. However, this treatment option may not be suitable for everyone. Those with medical conditions or those using pacemakers should avoid electrical stimulation unless under the guidance of a doctor.

A Closer Look at TENS

TENS is a natural alternative method for managing abdominal pain, lower back aches, and pelvic pain during menstruation. It sends low-voltage electrical impulses to activate several pain-relieving pathways in the body. Pain gating is one where the electric currents block the transmission of pain signals to the brain.

In addition, TENS is believed to promote the release of endorphins. Moreover, it can help relax muscle spasms and increase blood flow to the pain site. This can reduce inflammation and alleviate discomfort. Overall, TENS offers a promising and non-pharmacological approach to managing menstrual cramps and could be a valuable addition to self-care routines.


Primary dysmenorrhoea comes with severe menstrual cramps. Women need period pain medications to help manage these. One option is pharmaceutical drugs. They can reduce inflammation and ease muscle cramping. However, following the dosage instructions is vital to avoid potential side effects. Natural remedies can also help by targeting the underlying causes of menstrual discomfort. Some examples are heat therapy and herbal supplements. Furthermore, gentle exercises like yoga can provide relief by improving blood circulation and reducing tension in the muscles.

Electrotherapy devices, such as TENS units, can also effectively alleviate period pain by stimulating the nerves. Pain gating and endorphin production are two commonly used mechanisms of action for TENS. These machines are user-friendly. Hence, they are a convenient option for women looking for non-pharmaceutical pain relief. Those interested in acquiring one can check iTENS from iTENS Australia. With the appropriate medication and support, individuals can find relief from period pain and experience improved quality of life during menstruation.

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