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Professionally endorsed

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TENS Australia: How It Works and the Treatable Conditions

A female news anchor reporting about TENS as a new faster way for pain relief

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, or TENS Australia, is an electronic device that sends electrical currents to the body. Accordingly, the electrical stimulation works by interfering with the pain signals travelling to the brain. Also, it triggers the release of endorphins, the natural painkillers of the body. With such mechanisms, TENS can treat various painful conditions. The device can address both acute pain and chronic pain. It can also manage nerve pain, joint pain, and muscular pain.

Living with different types of pain can significantly impact the quality of life and limit the ability to perform daily activities. Traditional methods of pain relief may not always provide long-term relief or come with unwanted side effects. As a result, many individuals are turning to alternative therapies, such as TENS. The machine unit can provide an effective pain relief solution. This article will present how TENS devices in Australia work, the treatable conditions, and how to operate the unit.

How Does a TENS Australia Work?

When a person uses a TENS Australia machine, the electrical pulses stimulate the body to release endorphins. These are the natural pain relievers of the body. Endorphins work by binding to specific receptors in the brain and spinal cord. Accordingly, this activation of the natural pain-relieving mechanism of the body is one key way that TENS helps to alleviate discomfort.

Another important mechanism of TENS therapy is based on the Pain Gate Theory. According to this theory, the central nervous system has a gate that controls the transmission of pain signals to the brain. When the nerve fibres are bombarded with non-painful stimuli, such as electric current, these signals can close the gate. Hence, it prevents or blocks pain signals travelling to the brain.

Furthermore, TENS can enhance blood circulation in the treatment region. Increased blood flow promotes the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Also, it aids in the removal of metabolic byproducts and reduces inflammations. Nevertheless, this activity can contribute to faster pain relief and acceleration of the healing process.

Low and High Frequencies

  • Low-Frequency (LF) TENS: typically set at a frequency below 10 Hertz (Hz). Accordingly, it is employed to activate the natural pain-relief mechanisms of the body. This type of frequency stimulates the release of endorphins, the natural painkillers of the body. LF is beneficial for treating chronic pain sufferers.
  • High-Frequency (HF) TENS: operates at a frequency above 50 Hz. It is believed to work by stimulating the large-diameter nerve fibres. This can lead to the activation of descending pain inhibitory pathways. Hence, this can effectively reduce the transmission of pain signals. HF is valuable for acute pain management.

A man holding his nape and lower back due to pain

Treatable Conditions When Using a TENS Australia

TENS Australia can manage a variety of conditions. Firstly, the sudden and short-term acute pain. TENS therapy can treat labour pain, menstrual cramps, sports injuries, and tension headaches. Secondly, TENS can address persistent and long-lasting chronic pain. Conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, shoulder, neck, and backaches can lead to chronic discomfort, and TENS serves as a solution.

Thirdly, the device can manage musculoskeletal issues. This encompasses a range of conditions affecting the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bones. Also, it includes strains, sprains, knee pain, and other musculoskeletal injuries. Fourthly, the unit can address neuropathic pain, which arises from damage to the nerves. This can cause sensations of burning, tingling, or shooting pain.

Muscle pain, including soreness, tension, and overuse injuries, is another area where TENS therapy is beneficial. By delivering electrical pulses to the muscles, TENS can help reduce muscle discomfort and promote relaxation and recovery. Overall, by understanding the broad spectrum of conditions that TENS can address, individuals and health professionals can make informed decisions about the use of TENS.

Potential Side Effects

Common side effects of TENS therapy may include skin irritation at the electrode placement site. This can occur due to the adhesive used or as a result of the electrical stimulation itself. Accordingly, some individuals may experience a mild tingling or prickling sensation during TENS treatment. Hence, people should adjust the settings.

Occasionally, individuals may notice muscle twitching, mainly if the electrical stimulation is too intense. Adjusting the settings of the TENS unit can often alleviate this issue. Additionally, there is a rare risk of allergic reactions to the materials used in TENS electrodes. This is particularly true for those with sensitive skin.

A woman manually operating TENS on her hand

How to Operate a TENS Australia

When using TENS Australia, individuals should follow certain steps to operate the device. Begin by checking the condition of the unit. Make sure that the device is adequately charged or has fresh batteries. Then, attach the electrode pads to the central unit using lead cables. In the case of wireless TENS, users can connect it to a smartphone via Bluetooth technology.

Accordingly, identify the treatment area, prepare it, and place the electrodes. Adhering to the proper pad placement is crucial in this step. After the pads are in place, the individual can power on the device. TENS units typically allow for the adjustment of various settings, such as intensity, frequency, and duration. Some TENS models may also enable users to choose a pre-set program for a specific condition.

Nevertheless, start with the lowest settings and gradually increase it to a comfortable level. Throughout the TENS session, the individual should observe any sensations and make adjustments as necessary. The duration of the TENS therapy often ranges from 15 to 30 minutes. Once the session is complete, power off the device and carefully remove the adhesive electrodes from the skin.

Pad Placement

Foremost, identify the area of the body experiencing pain. This could be a localised region, such as the lower back or any other body part. Before applying the electrode pads, clean the skin to remove any dirt, oil, or lotions. Accordingly, follow recommendations for the electrode placement for a certain condition. For instance, backaches, the user can position electrodes on either side of the painful area.

Avoid placing the pads on sensitive areas. Additionally, when using multiple pads, they should be spaced apart to ensure that the electrical stimulation targets the area effectively. Selecting the appropriate size and shape of the pads is also crucial.


In conclusion, TENS Australia is an effective and widely used treatment option. TENS uses an electrical device to deliver electrical pulses to the body. Accordingly, it works by prompting the release of endorphins, blocking pain signals, and promoting blood circulation. Also, the electrical currents can stream in low and high frequencies. These mechanisms can effectively help manage different conditions. This may include menstrual cramps, headaches, fibromyalgia, knee pain, and tense muscles.

TENS devices are easy to operate. Firstly, the individual needs to prepare the unit. Secondly, identify the treatment area and place the pads. Lastly, turn on the device and adjust the settings. Nevertheless, it is crucial to follow the proper pad placement. This is to achieve optimal effectiveness and safety. Also, it is essential to know the potential side effects of TENS therapy. Those who want to purchase a TENS device may check out the online retailer iTENS Australia.

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