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12-month warranty
Same day dispatch
Professionally endorsed

TENS Machine for Femoral Nerve Pain: How to Use the Device for Effective Relief

A man by the seashore clutching his thigh

A Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) machine is a portable tool that can relieve pain. It uses electrical impulses to block pain signals or trigger endorphin release. To operate a TENS machine for femoral nerve pain, ensure the treatment area is clean and dry. Next, place the electrodes on the skin and turn on the unit. Adjust the settings to a comfortable level. Once the session is over, gently remove the electrodes from their skin.

Common treatment methods for femoral nerve pain include medication, magnetic stimulation, physical therapy, or surgery. In addition, people can use TENS as an adjunct treatment to help manage their pain. TENS machines are safe, non-invasive, and usable at home. Nevertheless, it is advisable to consult a health professional to determine the best treatment option. This article will provide more information about a TENS device for femoral nerve pain, including its mechanism of action and proper usage.

What is a TENS Machine for Femoral Nerve Pain?

Femoral nerve pain, also known as femoral neuropathy, occurs when there is damage or irritation to the femoral nerve. This nerve is located in the thigh. It plays a crucial role in controlling the range of movement and the strength of the extensor muscles in the leg. This condition can cause symptoms like tingling, numbness, weakness, and pain in the front of the thigh and the leg.

Treatment for femoral nerve pain may involve medication, magnetic stimulation, physical therapy, or surgery to repair the nerve and promote muscle reinnervation. Alternatively, people may use a TENS machine for femoral nerve pain. It is a portable device that can provide pain relief. It consists of a control unit and sets of electrodes. The adhesive electrode pads send electrical pulses to stimulate the nearby nerve fibres to reduce pain.

Moreover, there are two types of TENS devices that individuals can use: standard and wireless. A standard TENS machine has a handheld push-button remote and wires connecting to the electrode pads. Meanwhile, a wireless TENS machine utilises Bluetooth technology so users can access a smartphone app. Both types deliver adequate electrical stimulation.

Causes of Femoral Nerve Pain

  • Injury: A direct impact to the femoral nerve, such as accidents or falls.
  • Nerve compression: Pressure on the femoral nerve from surrounding structures like muscles or tissues.
  • Herniated disc: A bulging or ruptured disc in the lower spine putting pressure on the femoral nerve roots.
  • Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can cause femoral nerve damage, leading to pain.
  • Inflammation: Conditions like arthritis or infections causing inflammation of the femoral nerve.
  • Posture issues: Poor posture causing strain on the lower back and potentially affecting the femoral nerve.
  • Surgery complications: Surgical procedures around the hip or pelvic area result in unintended damage to the femoral nerve.

A woman using iTENS on her arm and thigh

How Does a TENS Machine for Femoral Nerve Pain Relieve Discomfort?

A TENS machine for femoral nerve pains works by sending electrical impulses through electrode patches. These impulses produce two general responses from the body, particularly the central nervous system. The first method is based on the Gate Control Theory of Pain. During TENS treatment, the pain gate mechanism in the spinal cord closes. Therefore, it inhibits the transmission of pain signals to the brain.

The second method involves stimulating endorphin production. The electrical signals from TENS allow the body to produce more endorphins, which are hormones that help reduce pain levels. Endorphins bind to opioid receptors and inhibit them from sending pain messages. They are also known as natural painkillers as they have similar effects to morphine.

The use of a TENS machine has a positive impact on the circulatory system. The electric current or mild vibrations boost blood circulation in the affected area. This improved blood flow helps to reduce inflammation, relax the muscles, and promote faster recovery of damaged tissues and nerve regeneration.

Benefits of Using TENS

TENS provides numerous benefits to users. Firstly, it is non-invasive and drug-free. It helps minimise pain sensations or other discomforts without the need for medications. Secondly, the electrical nerve stimulator is portable and easy to use. It is more compact compared to the electrotherapy machines in pain clinics.

Thirdly, it provides personalised pain relief through customisable programs. The device has adjustable settings, such as pulse rate, pulse amplitude, and pulse duration. This allows individuals to control the electrical current. Lastly, TENS is versatile. It can provide relief for various acute pain and chronic pain conditions. These include neuropathic pain, musculoskeletal pain, and muscular pain.

Step-by-step guide on how to operate the iTENS app

How to Use a TENS Machine for Femoral Nerve Pain

People can use a TENS machine for femoral nerve pain in a few simple steps. To begin, they should clean and dry the area of the skin where they will apply the electrodes. Ensuring the skin is free from lotions, oils, or creams is crucial. These substances may interfere with the effectiveness of electrical nerve stimulation treatment.

After preparing the skin, the person should carefully place the TENS electrodes on the treatment area. Additionally, they need to make sure to space the pads evenly for the best pain relief. Moreover, the user can adjust the intensity and frequency of electric stimulation based on their comfort level. Physical therapists recommend starting with a low setting and increasing gradually if needed.

Once the session is over, individuals have to remove the electrodes slowly, peeling them off the skin gently. Furthermore, it is best to clean the pads after each use and store them properly. By following these steps, people can effectively manage their pain and enhance their quality of life with the help of a TENS stimulator for pain relief.

Where to Place the Pads?

Proper placement of TENS electrodes is crucial for effectively relieving femoral nerve pain. Users should strategically position electrodes along the path of the nerve. A typical placement involves positioning one electrode near the groin area where the nerve starts. The other electrode is along the path of the nerve, usually around the front of the thigh.

Eventually, the adhesion of the pads will dry out. When it no longer firmly sticks despite moistening the gel, it is time to get a refill. Getting a replacement is best as soon as the electrical current stimulation begins to weaken.


In conclusion, a TENS machine for femoral nerve pain offers relief by sending electrical impulses through electrode patches. It works by closing the pain gate mechanism in the spinal cord, reducing the transmission of pain signals to the brain. Additionally, it stimulates the production of endorphins, natural pain-relieving hormones. This process helps alleviate discomfort by binding to opioid receptors. Furthermore, enhanced blood circulation from the TENS machine helps reduce inflammation, relax muscles, and speed up tissue and nerve recovery.

Managing femoral nerve pain with a TENS machine involves a straightforward process. First, ensure the skin is clean and dry before applying the electrodes to prevent interference with treatment effectiveness. Strategically place the electrodes along the pathway of the femoral nerve, typically near the groin area and along the front of the thigh. Gradually adjust the intensity of the electrical stimulation for optimal comfort. After the session, gently remove the electrodes and clean them for future use.

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