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12-month warranty

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AU Registered Medical Device
12-month warranty
Same day dispatch
Professionally endorsed

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TENS What Is It and How It Works

A TENS machine kit with a pack of refillable gel pads and necessary information

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is a therapy that many people are unfamiliar with. However, it has been gaining popularity in recent years for its potential benefits in pain relief. It utilises a portable device that emits electrical currents through electrodes. TENS what is it delivers the currents to specific areas of the body. While it may not be a cure-all solution, it has shown promising results for many who are seeking non-invasive and drug-free pain management options.

Pain management is a common concern for many individuals. It can be chronic pain from a medical condition or acute pain from an injury. Traditional methods, such as medication or physical therapy, may not always provide the desired relief. This has led people to explore alternative therapies like TENS, which harnesses the power of electrical stimulation to target pain directly. In this article, people can delve deeper into what it is and its mechanics.

TENS What is It: Definition and Function

TENS what is it is a type of medical device that people can use to treat pain. It works through electrical stimulation. This non-invasive technique involves the use of an electronic unit that delivers mild electrical currents through electrodes. It works by modulating central pain pathways and causing the release of endorphins in the body, providing short-term relief without the use of medication.

The function of TENS is to provide relief from pain. It can help lessen the discomfort from chronic pain, muscle spasms and arthritic conditions. It can also reduce swelling and inflammation in an injured area. In addition, it helps improve circulation and provide soothing sensations.

The machines are typically battery-operated. They come in different shapes and sizes. People can choose depending on what body part they are targeting. For instance, some are large enough for areas like the back, while some are small enough for the wrist. iTENS from iTENS Australia has a package where they can get both big and portable sizes. They can use up to four machines at once.

Benefits

Using TENS offers many benefits. Here are some of them:

  • Non-invasive: This makes it a great option for those who are looking for gentle and effective treatment without the use of drugs or surgery.
  • Cost-effective: People do not have to frequently buy medication or visit the doctor. Buying a unit also lasts for a long time. They can use it many times and for many reasons.
  • Safe: It does not cause serious side effects that are commonly found in traditional pain management methods.
  • Increases Range of Motion: This happens because the unit can help reduce inflammation and relax muscles, which in turn increases mobility.

A man using a TENS machine on his arm

TENS What is It: How It Works

People may wonder TENS what is it. It is a non-invasive method of pain relief that involves electrode pads. It sends impulses to interrupt pain signals. Consequently, this prevents them from reaching the brain. TENS serves as an alternate form of pain reliever, avoiding the use of medication. It offers a natural, drug-free solution for managing many different kinds of pain.

TENS works by stimulating sensory nerves to provide targeted pain relief. It helps in reducing pain in adults. Moreover, it offers relief for pregnant women during labour. People can use this intervention alongside other treatments and therapies to enhance overall pain management. They can undergo therapy in pain clinics, under the supervision of healthcare providers, or on their own.

The placement of pads is vital to the success of TENS. Thus, people must follow how to properly attach them. They must leave at least two inches of space between the pads. Additionally, they can place the electrodes directly on the pain area. However, they can also apply the pads above, below, or beside it. They can switch the patterns to see which performs the best.

Conditions It Can Treat

TENS can be used to treat a variety of conditions. It is particularly effective in managing chronic pain, including musculoskeletal pain and neuropathic pain. Some conditions include back pain, knee pain, shoulder pain, neck painfibromyalgia, migraines, sciatica and arthritis.

Additionally, it can provide relief for acute pain conditions, such as postoperative pain, muscle spasms, and sports injuries. Moreover, people can use it to treat muscle soreness, chronic fatigue syndrome, and tension headaches. Overall, TENS is a versatile tool. They can use it for a long time for different types of pain they experience. This makes it a cost-effective purchase in the long run.

A person attaching a TENS machine on the wrist of an elderly woman

TENS What is It: How To Operate

To operate a TENS what is it, people must first consult with a provider who can guide them on electrode placement and proper settings. Once their doctors clear them to use TENS, they may start applying the pads on clean, dry skin. This is essential because dirt can interfere with this process. Proper hygiene not only ensures the pads adhere securely but also promotes optimal conductivity.

The moment they and the device are ready, individuals should select the settings that are prescribed to them by a professional or the manufacturer. This can involve selecting an intensity level that works best for them and determining a timer for how long the TENS session will last. Then, they can turn on the device.

A typical session lasts for 20 to 30 minutes. They have to turn off the device before removing the pads. To properly remove them, people should pull them off in a swift and gentle motion, rather than pulling them off slowly or tugging too hard. It is important to note that TENS should not hurt. Otherwise, they have to stop the treatment and seek medical advice.

Safety Precautions

When using a TENS device, it is imperative to prioritise safety to avoid any potential risks or adverse effects. Proper electrode placement is essential. People can determine this through the manual and in consultation with a doctor who can guide them. By following the advice, they can ensure optimal pain relief.

Moreover, it is crucial to adjust the intensity to a level that relieves the pain adequately without causing any discomfort or skin irritation. Individuals can achieve this delicate balance by carefully monitoring the sensations they experience during therapy. Additionally, they must avoid using TENS on broken skin to prevent further damage.

Conclusion

TENS what is it is an electronic device that delivers electrical stimulation to help provide relief from pain. People can use it as a non-invasive option for pain management. It is effective at helping reduce discomfort and inflammation in many conditions. Everyone can use it, but it is important to always use TENS according to the instructions of the manufacturer and to consult with a doctor before using it for any medical condition.

Professionals and individuals use TENS in medical settings, as well as for at-home use. Its versatility makes it suitable for various conditions, ranging from knee and neck pain to cancer pain and neuropathic pain. TENS provides an alternative to medications. Furthermore, it can be a useful addition to other pain management strategies for optimal relief. To have a reliable unit, they must check if the device is FDA-cleared and trusted by many.

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