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12-month warranty
Same day dispatch
Professionally endorsed

TENS 10: What It Is, How It Works, and How to Apply

A small wing TENS and a pack of refill gel pads from iTENS Australia

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, or TENS 10, is an effective therapy that uses a portable device to stream electrical currents to the body. Consequently, this device for pain management works by blocking the transmission of pain signals, prompting the release of endorphins, and improving blood flow. Furthermore, applying TENS is straightforward. Begin by preparing the TENS unit. Then, locate the treatment area and place the electrode pads. Finally, turn on the device and adjust the settings.

An approach to pain relief is a constant concern for many individuals, whether this is for acute pain or chronic pain conditions. Traditional treatment methods, such as drug therapy and physical therapy, can sometimes fall short. Hence, it leads people to explore alternative therapies. TENS treatment is one such method that has shown promising results for many individuals. This article will present the TENS treatment, including how it works and how to apply it.

What is TENS 10?

TENS 10 is a type of treatment program that uses a device to deliver low-voltage electrical pulses to the body through adhesive electrodes placed on the skin. The TENS units come in wired and wireless forms. Wired TENS devices are directly connected to the electrodes via wires. Meanwhile, wireless versions offer the freedom to move around during the treatment without being limited by cords.

Furthermore, TENS devices extend various features to accommodate different preferences and needs. Most TENS units have customisable settings. This allows people to adjust the pulse width, pulse amplitude, and pulse duration. Subsequently, some advanced TENS models have pre-set programs. This enables individuals to directly target a specific condition without manually adjusting the settings.

Many professionals, including physical therapists and chiropractors, use TENS as part of their treatment plans for patients. Athletes also commonly use TENS to manage discomfort and aid in the recovery process after intense training. Additionally, individuals who suffer from different types of discomfort can benefit from using TENS. They can utilise it at home, work, or on the go.

Treatable Conditions

  • Acute pain conditions: examples include menstrual cramps, headaches, postoperative ailment, foot pain, or sports injuries.
  • Chronic conditions: last for extended periods. This may stem from conditions like arthritis, neck, shoulder, backaches, and fibromyalgia.
  • Neuropathic conditions: these arise from nerve damage or malfunction. It is often associated with conditions like diabetic neuropathy, sciatica, and nerve entrapment syndromes.
  • Musculoskeletal disorders: it affects the muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This may include conditions like knee joint ailment, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Muscular discomfort: TENS is beneficial in managing muscle discomfort. This is whether due to muscle tension, spasms, or overexertion.

A woman using TENS on her arm and thigh

How TENS 10 Works

TENS 10 works by leveraging the natural mechanisms of the body. One key mechanism through which TENS therapy operates is the stimulation of endorphin production. Endorphins are the natural pain-relieving substances of the body. When the TENS device applies its electrical pulses to the body, it triggers the release of endorphins, which bind to specific receptors. This induces a sense of well-being.

Another fundamental aspect of TENS treatment is its influence on the pain gate mechanism. According to this theory, the nervous system possesses a “gate” that can open or close. This affects the transmission of pain signals to the brain. The electrical signal from TENS can essentially “close” this gate. Hence, it impedes the transmission of pain signals, reducing the sensation of discomfort.

In addition, TENS contributes to enhanced blood flow in the targeted areas. The electrical impulses from TENS prompt vasodilation or the widening of blood vessels. This activity facilitates the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues. As a result, it aids in the healing process and reduces inflammation in the treated areas.


One of the primary benefits of TENS is its ability to provide targeted relief. This ensures that the therapeutic effects are focused on areas that require attention. Additionally, TENS has the ability to harness the natural pain management mechanisms of the body. It does not require any injections, incisions, surgical procedures, or the intake of pharmaceutical drugs.

TENS treatment also offers customisable treatment options. This enables people to tailor the therapy based on specific needs and preferences. Furthermore, the use of TENS is cost-effective. It eliminates the ongoing cost of medications, surgical procedures, or frequent clinic visits.

A woman applying and operating TENS on her back

How to Apply TENS 10

To apply TENS 10, begin by preparing the device for use. Firstly, ensure that the device is turned off before starting the application process. Next, inspect the condition of the unit. Then, connect the electrode pads to the central machine using lead cables or to a smartphone via Bluetooth for wireless. Subsequently, identify the areas of the body experiencing discomfort and prepare the skin over it.

After the skin is clean and dry, place the electrode patches. Adhering to the proper electrode placement is crucial in this step. Also, do not place the pads on the head, eyes, mouth, throat, chest, bony prominences, and broken skin. Once the pads are in place, turn on the TENS device by pressing the switch button. This may prompt users to adjust the settings or choose a pre-set program.

Nevertheless, it is vital to start with the lowest setting and gradually increase it to a comfortable level. Throughout the application of TENS, it is essential to monitor the response of the body to the electrical stimulation. The duration of stimulation may vary. However, it typically lasts between 15 to 30 minutes.

Key Components of a TENS Device

The first key component of a TENS device is the control unit. This serves as the central component of the device. It typically houses the controls and power source. Another crucial component is the lead wires (for wired TENS). These are responsible for transmitting the electrical signals from the machine to the electrodes.

Electrodes are fundamental components of a TENS unit. They are directly applied to the skin to deliver electrical stimulation to the targeted area. In addition to these primary components, TENS devices often include accessories. This may involve carrying cases and additional sets of electrodes.


In conclusion, TENS 10 is a highly effective treatment option for pain relief. It is a therapy that uses a device to send electrical currents to the body. It is available in wired and wireless functionalities with various features. Consequently, health professionals, individuals, and athletes often utilise the TENS unit. Furthermore, TENS works by leveraging the natural mechanisms of the body. This includes the Pain Gate Theory, the release of endorphins, and the enhancement of blood circulation.

TENS treatment provides benefits. It is a natural pain relief, customisable, cost-effective, and provides targeted relief. Also, TENS can treat various conditions. This may include foot pain, fibromyalgia, sciatica, osteoarthritis, and muscle discomfort. Moreover, the key components of a TENS device are the control unit, lead wires, and electrodes. Nevertheless, applying TENS is easy. Begin by preparing the device. Then, place the electrodes. Finally, turn on the device and adjust the settings.

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