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AU Registered Medical Device
12-month warranty
Same day dispatch
Professionally endorsed

Physio TENS Machine – Uses And Safety Guidelines

iTENS large wings and gel refill pads

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive method for pain relief. It involves using electrodes to deliver low-voltage electrical currents through the skin. This stimulates the peripheral nerves and helps reduce or control pain symptoms. Physio TENS machines can be used to facilitate the rehabilitation of injuries and treat different types of pain. However, you should safety guidelines. These include consulting with a healthcare professional, following instructions, choosing the right intensity, and ensuring correct pad placement.

The purpose of TENS therapy is to relieve pain naturally. Unlike other pain relief options, TENS therapy does not have the risk of overdose. This is a popular choice for individuals who want to reduce their reliance on medication. Additionally, TENS machines are user-friendly and safe to use. They can be used at home or in a clinical setting. This article will provide information about the functions of TENS, how to use it, and safety guidelines.

Using A Physio TENS Machine For Pain Relief

Physio TENS machines are used for pain management. The main goal is to relieve pain by stimulating the nervous system. Electrical impulses block pain signals and release endorphins. TENS treatment blocks nerve pathways in the spinal cord, preventing pain signals from reaching the brain. This reduces the number of messages processed by the brain.

The electric impulses can be adjusted for individual needs. The device creates tingling sensations that can be increased for more severe pain. Higher frequencies can be used for pain-gating effects. The pulses may be strong but comfortable. This level of stimulation is effective for sharp pains and severe symptoms.

Physios can effectively use TENS machines by adjusting the programs to meet each person’s needs. This includes monitoring how a person responds to different frequency levels. It is important to note that each individual may have different reactions to TENS therapy. Some may experience pain relief with ongoing stimulation, while others may only feel relief after a session. Therefore, it is crucial to determine the TENS settings that work best for you.

What Can Be Treated

Physio TENS device is good for pain management including acute and chronic pain. It repairs tendons and nerve damage, pinched nerves and is good for healing wounds. Moreover, it also helps manage various conditions like the following:

  • Knee pain
  • Facial pain
  • Neck pain
  • Leg pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • Labour pain
  • Sore feet
  • Menstrual pain
  • Low back pain
  • Sciatica pain
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Endometriosis
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Diabetes-related neuropathy
  • Spinal cord injury pain

It is also good for musculoskeletal pain such as the following:

  • Muscle pain
  • Joint pain
  • Postoperative pain
  • Arthritic pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Sports injuries
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Tendinitis
  • Bursitis

A man suffering from lower back pain.

Using A Physio TENS Machine For Rehabilitation

A physio TENS machine is a device that utilises electrical current to provide pain relief and assist in rehabilitation. Electrical nerve stimulation is a pain relief technique that functions by intercepting pain signals. This is achieved by transmitting electrical impulses through the skin to the spinal cord, which subsequently disrupts the transmission of pain messages to the brain.

They are useful for chronic pain conditions, like neuropathic pain and muscle spasms. They can also provide short-term relief for acute pain, such as postoperative pain or knee pain. The machine has electrode pads that go on the skin where the pain is. These pads give electrical stimulation that causes muscle contraction and improves blood circulation. Before putting on the pads, it is important to have clean, unbroken skin.

When using a TENS device, it is advised to seek the guidance of a healthcare professional. They can provide recommendations on the proper settings and duration of use, taking into consideration the specific type of pain being treated. Additionally, it is crucial to adhere to the instructions provided by the machine.

How To Operate The Device

To use the physio TENS unit: Firstly, put the adhesive electrodes on the painful area. Ensure the skin is clean and dry beforehand. Secondly, switch on the machine and select your desired program or intensity level. Next, customise the settings according to your preference. The machine will send electrical impulses to stimulate your nerves. This helps block pain signals and provides relief.

Furthermore, turn the device on and set the pulse rate, intensity, and duration. Alternatively, you may choose a pre-set treatment mode from the menu. Start at the lowest stimulation setting and increase gradually. Finally, turn the device off and remove the pads carefully.

Using the iTENS pads for her low back.

Safety Precautions When Using A Physio TENS Machine

Using a physio TENS machine requires safety precautions for effective and safe usage. TENS delivers electrical currents to relieve pain. Follow these safety guidelines: Firstly, consult with a healthcare professional before using a TENS machine, especially if you have chronic pain or any other medical condition.

Secondly, read the user manual and follow the instructions for proper use. Improper use can cause skin irritation or other problems. Thirdly, choose the right intensity: Start with a low-intensity setting and gradually increase it to a comfortable level. Avoid using high intensities that may cause muscle contractions or discomfort.

Fourthly, ensure the correct placement of adhesive electrodes to maximise pain relief and minimise the risk of skin irritation. Avoid broken skin: Do not place the electrodes on broken or irritated skin. It may cause further discomfort or infection. Lastly, use the TENS machine for a recommended period of time as advised by your healthcare professional. Prolonged use may cause overstimulation or other complications.

When To Avoid

Avoid using a TENS machine if your skin is broken or irritated. It may make it worse. Also, if you have a spinal cord injury or any other condition affecting your nervous system, talk to a doctor before using a TENS machine. It could affect your nerves.

It is also advised to avoid using a TENS machine during pregnancy, especially for labor pain relief, unless specifically directed by a healthcare professional. Overall, while TENS machines can be an effective method of pain relief for many individuals, it is important to use them safely and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.


A Physio TENS machine can help with pain relief and rehabilitation. It sends electrical impulses to block pain signals and trigger the release of endorphins. It can be used for acute and chronic pain conditions. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper electrode placement and settings. Always follow safety guidelines to avoid harm. You can use a TENS machine while working or being active. Choose comfortable TENS pads to prevent redness or irritation.

Exercise caution and avoid TENS application on broken skin or nerve-affecting conditions, consulting a doctor if needed. Pregnant individuals should refrain from using TENS unless advised by a healthcare expert. Prioritise safe usage under professional guidance for optimal results. iTENS Australia provides FDA-cleared wireless iTENS with hypoallergenic gel pads for pain management. Therefore, if you are looking for a safe and reliable TENS machine, iTENS Australia can be a trustworthy option.

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