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TENS for Knee Pain: the Need to Know

Knee pain is a common symptom present to all people of all ages. It may be a direct result of injury or wear and tear as we age. Underlying health conditions like arthritis or gout can also cause knee problems. Some pain begins mildly then worsens over time. Fortunately, there are practical solutions to treating acute and chronic knee pain without medications. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation or TENS therapy uses mild electrical pulses to relieve pain. If you struggle with discomfort, find out how using TENS for knee pain can help you. 

The knee is one of the most complex and largest joints in the human body. It is made of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons, responsible for bending or straightening the body. In particular, it bears a great deal of stress from repeated motions like walking or running every day. It also absorbs shocks from high-impact activities, such as jogging, squatting, or lifting weights. Therefore, it is vulnerable to many injuries and overuse. Sudden movements and chronic conditions can strain the knee and cause swelling or numbing sensations. The TENS for knee pain uses small electrical currents to reduce pain symptoms. iTENS Australia offers revolutionary pain management through the wireless iTENS machine. 

Causes of Pain

Many factors can cause knee pain. The sensation may be different for each person. It may present as a constant dull ache or sharp, shooting pain during movement. Using TENS for knee pain is an efficient pain relief no matter the cause. Many factors can cause knee pain. In general, knee problems are part of the aging process, various health conditions, and injuries. If the pain is a symptom of progressive conditions like osteoarthritis, using TENS can prevent frequent flare-ups or inflammation. The common reasons for knee pain are:

Medical Conditions

Injuries 

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL Injury)
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocation of the kneecap
  • Fracture 
  • Meniscus Tear
  • Sprain or strain
  • Iliotibial band syndrome
  • Patellofemoral syndrome – “jumper’s knee” or “runner’s knee”
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TENS for Knee Pain: Pain Management

Minor knee pain or strains can heal on their own. In more severe cases, physical therapy, knee braces or surgery may be needed. Using TENS can also help relieve chronic pain and soreness from post-surgery. TENS devices send mild electrical pulses from its electrodes to the nerves through the skin. The electrical currents flood the nervous system and intercept the transmission of pain signals to the brain. It also triggers the release of natural pain relievers called endorphins. As a result, TENS reduces the overall pain perception. In particular, the iTENS has a set of wireless electrodes and is capable of Bluetooth connectivity allowing for easy and convenient use. The electrodes fasten to adhesive gel pads to stick to the skin in different body parts. You can effectively perform TENS for knee pain treatments with the iTENS.

Chronic pain is a condition where the affliction recurs for an extended period of time. For example, illnesses like arthritis are long-lasting or progressive. Some people resort to oral painkillers to manage pain when it strikes. Others undergo physical therapy or exercise to deal with pain. Using TENS for knee pain is an effective strategy to ease discomfort while you are working, on the move, or exercising. Additionally, the electrical stimulation helps boost blood circulation to the area. TENS increases the blood flow to the knees relaxing sore muscles and damaged nerves. Therefore, it accelerates the healing of injuries and post-surgery pain. 

TENS for Knee Pain: Placement Guide

Operating the iTENS is fast and easy. To use the TENS for knee pain, place the electrode pads around the knee. Be careful not to put the electrodes directly over the kneecap as further damage. You may also place the pads at the back of the knee. The iTENS has small wing-shaped pads to fit in small or joint areas like the knees. In addition, the pads can contour, so it does not hinder or restrict movement. After placement, turn on the device and connect it with the smartphone app. The iTENS app comes with built-in modes for easy access to treatment. You can choose from different programs according to body parts or health conditions. So, if you want knee pain relief, select the therapy for the knees under body diagrams or specific ailments like arthritis, bursitis, or muscle relaxation. 

The iTENS app also allows you to control your program through manual operation. Under the manual mode, you can customise the pulse rate, pulse width, duration, and waveforms. However, physiotherapists recommend starting with the lowest frequency and slowly working your way. You will feel a tingling sensation at the beginning of the therapy. As you increase the intensity, the stimulation should feel strong but not uncomfortable. You may alter the pad’s placement and adjust the settings to find optimal relief. You may feel the therapeutic effects of TENS for knee pain immediately or after the session. 

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TENS for Knee Pain: Prevention

We use our knees all throughout the day. It is inevitable that our activities can strain the joints and cause pain. Combining TENS for knee pain and several techniques can help you manage pain efficiently. The strategies for avoiding pain or prevent deterioration are:

  • Weight – Maintaining a healthy weight can do wonders for the knees. The extra pounds add strain to the cartilage or joints, increasing the risk of injuries. 
  • Physical Activity – Being active by playing sports or exercises can condition the muscles for strenuous activities affecting the knees. In addition, exercise can strengthen the muscles, providing balance and stability. 
  • Footwear – Wearing comfortable shoes help maintain leg alignment and balance.
  • Intensity – Avoid sudden changes in exercise intensity. Build up gradually to avoid knee damage.
  • Low-Impact Activities – Do a warm-up before exercise to reduce tension and release pressure. In addition, consider walking, swimming or activities with low impact to the knees. 

iTENS: Guidelines and Safety

The TENS for knee pain is a safe, non-invasive, and drug-free way to treat pain. This is because using TENS does not produce adverse side effects that most OTC medicines have. Therefore, you can use the iTENS at any time for various acute and chronic pain. In addition, TENS is also suitable for easing symptoms from sciatica, fibromyalgia, tendonitis, or period pain. The wireless iTENS is convenient to treat pain in different body parts like the shoulders, neck, arms, elbows, legs, and feet. 

You can use the iTENS as many times as you need. However, ensure that you give at least a twenty-minute break in between sessions. Also, avoid using TENS on the throat or the head. In addition, TENS is not suitable for pregnant women and people with cancer, epilepsy, heart diseases, and cardiac pacemakers in their bodies. You may consult a physical or physiotherapist first before buying a TENS machine and ask them the benefits of electrotherapy. The TENS for knee pain is available over-the-counter without a prescription. You may also purchase the wireless iTENS directly at iTENS Australia online.